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Authentication Protocols Transcription

Welcome to our Remote Authentication Protocols module. In this module, we will discuss PAP, CHAP and EAP. Password Authentication Protocol, or PAP is an obsolete authentication mechanism that was previously used by remote dial-up users with modems. After a PPP, or point-to-point connection, is established, authentication occurs. The problem with PAP is that credentials are sent in clear text, so it's vulnerable to sniffing attacks, man in the middle attacks, and replay attacks.

For this reason, we do not use PAP anymore, with today's modern VPN technology. And VPN is Virtual Private Network, which is commonly used by remote users to access their corporate network when they are out of the office. The Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol, or CHAP, is an authentication standard that has been in use for quite some time.

With this protocol, the user provides a password for authentication. We do not send the password over the wire in clear text because that would pose a security risk. When the user enters their password it is processed using a hashing algorithm and that hash is stored instead of storing the actual password.

The current version is Microsoft Chat Version 2 which allows the user and the server to mutually authenticate. In order to prevent man in the middle attacks, the server will periodically resend a challenge to the client. And this technology is commonly used by Internet service providers to authenticate their users.

Extensible Authentication Protocol, or EAP, is an upgrade to Microsoft Chat Version 2 to support stronger authentication than hashed passwords. Here we use a second factor of authentication, like a digital certificate or a smart card or a one-time password token, or biometric like a fingerprint or perhaps a facial scan, in order to increase security.

EAP services are available in several different types including protected EAP, or PEAP, EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-tunneled TLS or TTLS, and also lightweight EAP, or LEAP, which is a Cisco technology. This concludes our Remote Authentication Protocols module. Thank you for watching.

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